Skuola Screenshot Piece Christos Bouras is Professor in the University of Patras, Department of Computer Engineering and Informatics. Also he is a scientific advisor of Research Unit 6 in Computer Technology Institute and Press - Diophantus, Patras, Greece. His research interests include 5G and Beyond Networks, Analysis of Performance of Networking and Computer Systems, Computer Networks and Protocols, Mobile and Wireless Communications, Telematics and New Services, QoS and Pricing for Networks and Services, e-learning, Networked Virtual Environments and WWW Issues. He has extended professional experience in Design and Analysis of Networks, Protocols, Telematics and New Services. He has published more than 450 papers in various well-known refereed books, conferences and journals. He is a co-author of 9 books in Greek and editor of 2 in English. He has been member of editorial board for international journals and PC member and referee in various international journals and conferences. He has participated in R&D projects.

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Power in mobile networks is the most limited resource and may lead to significant capacity decrease when misused. Providing multicast or broadcast services to a meaningful proportion of a cell coverage area may require significant amounts of power dedicated to the multicast or broadcast transmission. Several techniques, such as Dynamic Power Setting (DPS), Macro Diversity Combining (MDC) and Rate Splitting (RS) have been introduced in order to minimize the base stationís total E-MBMS transmission power.

Power control is one of the most critical aspects in MBMS due to the fact that downlink transmission power in UMTS networks is a limited resource and must be shared efficiently among all MBMS users in a cell. Power control aims at minimizing the transmitted power, eliminating in this way the intercell interference. However, when misused, the use of power control may lead to a high level of wasted power and worse performance results.

On the PTP downlink transmissions, fast power control is used to maintain the quality of the link and thus to provide a reliable connection for the receiver to obtain the data with acceptable error rates. Transmitting with just enough power to maintain the required quality for the link also ensures that there is minimum interference affecting the neighboring cells. However, when a user consumes a high portion of power, more than actually is required, the remaining power, allocated for the rest of the users, is dramatically decreased, thus leading to a significant capacity loss in the system. During PTM downlink transmissions, Node B transmits at a power level that is high enough to support the connection to the receiver with the highest power requirement among all receivers in the multicast group. This would still be efficient because the receiver with the highest power requirement would still need the same amount of power in a unicast link, and by satisfying that particular receiverís requirement, the transmission power will be enough for all the other receivers in the multicast group. Consequently, the transmitted power is kept at a relatively high level most of the time, which in turn, increases the signal quality at each receiver in the multicast group. On the other hand, a significant amount of power is wasted and moreover intercell interference is increased.