Packet classification using DSCP
Packets are classified at the edge routers using the prio_field in the
IPHeaderClass. So packets which have the same source and destination nodes but
belong to different applications , belong to different classes as well.
Trace based on flow id and DSCP
You are able to define (through tcl) which packets will be traced at the trace
objects of the ns topology. This is achieved by defining in the tcl script the
flow_id and/or the value of prio_field of the packets that you are interested in
Modified Deficit Round Robin Scheduling (MDDR) Algorithm is a scheduling
algorithm that has been added at the (DiffServ) routers. It is a queueing
strategy and has two versions, the strict and the alternative. If you choose
the strict version, the zero queue is serviced first and then all the other
queues in a round robin way. The alternative services the zero queue and all the
other queues in a round robin way which means queue zero, queue one, queue
zero, queue two, queue zero, queue three.
The shaping mechanism (applied in DiffServ routers) is used in order to normalize
the rate in which the packets enter into an ingress router. In fact, it does not
allow the packets to enter the router in a larger rate than the one specified.
The packets that are delayed, enter a buffer and when this buffer is full,
excessive packets are dropped. A different shaping rate and buffer size can be
defined for each class of packets.
We have developed code with which you are able create realistic background
traffic in your ns-2 simulation environment. You can configure the basic
parameters for the traffic generation according to your needs. These parameters
are the start and the stop time of the simulation, as well as the rate for the
TCP and UDP sources and finally the number of the links of your topology to
which you want to insert background traffic.